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Chocolate Education: Chocolate, Then & Now Part 2

Chocolate Education

We pick up our story of chocolate in the 1800’s when it was famed as a health tonic beverage throughout Europe and beyond. Next, the creation of milk chocolate and the modern chocolate landscape. In the late 1800’s two entrepreneur industrialists, Milton ‘Snavely’ Hershey in the US, and John Cadbury in England had huge success with a new kind of chocolate, milk chocolate. Unlike the dark milk chocolates we sell — their formulation didn’t have much chocolate in it. The addition of large amounts of milk powder and sugar meant that they needed to use less of the expensive cacao beans, which meant they were able to charge a price so low that the average person could afford it.  And, because most of the flavor was coming from the milk and sugar, lower quality beans could be used, so, on the farmers side, thousands of years of careful breeding for tasty beans were disregarded in favor of trees with high yield and disease resistance. And as the industrial sugar boom of the late 1800’s ensued many began to see chocolate as just another kind of candy. In the minds of many the health benefits of chocolate were forgotten — now it was a brown melty candy. This was industrial chocolate.

Close-up of cacao seed
Fast forward 100 years to the mid 1990’s when we began to see a resurgence of chocolate bar makers using the pre industrial small-batch techniques of old Europe, all searching the globe for the highest quality cacao beans, and seeking to discover the distinctive flavors of beans from a single origin or single estate. Collectively this became known as the bean to bar movement. Today, bean to bar chocolate makers seek to create relationships with cacao farms and are willing to pay more money for high quality beans, giving financial incentive to farmers to grow the tastiest varieties and produce a high quality crop.

Opened cacao pod
This is similar story to the coffee industry. Compare Folgers and choc-ful-o-nuts to the coffee selection available today. Or to micro-brews, or to the wine industry, where the consumer is well aware of the flavor and value of high quality products.

Cacao was brought to Hawaii by Wilhelm Hillebrand in the 1870’s (for whom my great-grandfather Lydgate worked for as a young man). However, for a long time, crops like sugar and pineapple drew most of our attention here in the islands. But with the death of big sugar and pineapple there has been an emergence of chocolate growing in here in the islands. Hawaii is a cacao origin that some serious advantages: Wonderful growing conditions, an unprecedented level of infrastructure, affluent and interested agricultural advocates, and the educational and governmental institutions of the USA, a powerful combination for quality production. This has made us a growing location that everyone is paying attention to, and wants to visit! And for those of you who have tried our chocolate, I am sure you will agree we are off to a good start writing the next chapter in chocolate’s long and rich history.